Archive for the ‘Government’ Category



by Michael Dennin

On February 17th, news broke that billionaire financier and Obama fundraiser Tom Steyer was planning to raise $100 million – half of which would come out of his own pocket – to run an ad campaign during the 2014 elections attacking any candidate who doesn’t support the Left’s “climate change” agenda. The news came on the heels of Steyer’s successful $8 million effort to buy the Virginia gubernatorial campaign for Democrat Terry McAuliffe in 2013.

Meanwhile, the New McCarthyites in the Democratic party have doubled-down on their scorched earth campaign to silence conservative and libertarian organizations in the run-up to the 2014 mid-term elections. While the Obama administration has refused to mount a credible and effective investigation into the IRS’ self-confessed misconduct and Senator Charles Schumer called on the agency to continue its political witch hunt, the administration proposed new rules (see Kimberley Strassel’s article at bottom) targeting Right-wing groups that even the ACLU condemned as an affront to free speech and the promotion of an informed citizenry. Others on the Right accurately described the rules changes as censorship masquerading as legal stewardship.

One might ask what do “progressives” spending tens of millions of dollars on political campaigns have in common with their effort to prevent conservative non-profits from spending any money on political campaigns? Obviously, the answers are power and money. What’s less obvious but just as important to “progressives” is the perpetuation of the myth that the New Left is the party of the common man and not the party of the political and economic elite. Fortunately, conservatives such as David Horowitz and Jacob Laskin are now destroying that myth. In their meticulously researched book The New Leviathan: How the Left-Wing Money Machine Shapes American Politics and Threatens America’s Future [1], Horowitz and Laskin expose what might be the biggest dirty secret in American politics – how “progressive” foundations have outspent conservative and libertarian foundations by hundreds of millions of dollars. Here is a summary of their findings:

Comparative Assets and Grant Expenditures of Conservative and Progressive Foundations

Appendix I (pp.185-187)

1. Total Assets of Conservative and Progressive Foundations Compared

The National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy and Think Progress – two progressive organizations – identified 96 conservative foundations, 82 of which currently do not have zero or negative assets. As of 2010, the total asset value of the 82 conservative foundations was: $10,288,081,969 ($10.29 billion) has identified 122 major foundations as progressive, 115 of which currently do not have zero or negative assets. As of 2010, the total asset value of these 115 foundations was: $104,555,636,781 ($104.56 billion)

This represents a total asset value for the Left that is over ten times (10.16X) larger than the total assets of the Right.

2. Average Assets of Conservative and Progressive Foundations Compared

For the 82 conservative foundations that had no zero or negative assets the National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy and Think Progress identified, the average assets value is currently: $125,464,414 ($125.46 million)

For the 115 foundations that had no zero or negative assets identified, the average assets value is: $909,179,450 (909.18 million)

This represents an average asset value for the Left that is over seven times (7.25X) larger than the average asset value of the Right.

3. Total Grants Awarded by Conservative and Progressive Foundations Compared

Of the 82 conservative foundations that had no zero or negative assets identified by the National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy and Think Progress, the total grants awarded was: $831,797,191 ($831.80 million)

Of the 115 progressive foundations that had no zero or negative assets identified by DTN, the total grants awarded figure was: $8,807,988,218 ($8.81 billion)

This represents a total grants awarded figure by the Left that is over ten times (10.59X) larger than the total grants awarded by the Right.

4. Average Grants Awarded by Conservative and Progressive Foundations Compared

Of the 82 conservative foundations that had no zero or negative assets identified by the National Committee for Responsive Philanthropy and Think Progress, the average grants awarded figure was: $10,143,868 ($10.14 million)

Of the 115 progressive foundations that had no zero or negative assets identified by DTN, the average grants awarded figure was: $76,591,202 ($76.59 million)

This represents an average grants awarded by the Left that is over seven times (7.55X) larger than the average grants awarded by the Right.

The superiority of the Left-wing money machine is further confirmed in the Center of Responsive Politics “Heavy Hitters: Top All-Time Donors, 1989-2014” list [2], which reveals that 7 of the top 10 political donors in America are Leftist and none of them are conservative. Here are the top 10 Heavy Hitters (Democrat donors in blue):

1. ActBlue (“the online clearinghouse for Democratic action”)

2. American Federation of State, Country and Municipal Employees/AFSCME (public sector labor union)

3. AT&T (non-partisan, donates to both parties)

4. National Education Association/NEA (public sector labor union)

5. National Association of Realtors (non-partisan, donates to both parties)

6. Goldman Sachs (non-partisan, donates to both parties)

7. International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers (labor union)

8. United Auto Workers/UAW (labor union)

9. Carpenters and Joiners Union (labor union)

10. Service Employees International Union/SEIU (labor union)

Looking over the rankings, one can’t help but notice that the Left’s favorite boogeymen, the libertarian Koch brothers, finished 59th on the list, while the Democratic party’s big union benefactors – who have been exempted from the Obama administration’s rules changes aimed at conservative & libertarian non-profits – occupy 6 of the top 10 spots.

From “progressive” California billionaires buying gubernatorial elections in Virginia to the enormous advantage in spending that Leftist foundations, unions and PACs have over their Right-wing counterparts, the public is now beginning to become aware of the fact that it is Left-wing money that is dominating America’s political landscape. In light of this, we can see that the New McCarthyites’ efforts to silence and destroy their conservative opponents through bureaucratic fiat and harassment has absolutely nothing to do with leveling a playing field that is already heavily tilted in their own favor. Contrary to their self-serving propaganda, it is clear that “progressives” really aren’t interested in fairness at all. As was the case with their Jacobin and Bolshevik ancestors, the only things that the New Left are interested in is absolute power and control.





Posted February 25, 2014 by Candidus in Elections, Government, Politics, The Left



By Robert Williams


Up until the close of World War Two, children began doing chores as soon as they were physically able,  because in those days society expected all children to be prepared to take adult responsibilities and start  earning a living sometime between the years of 18 and 21.  Except for young adults running a family farm or a family business,  most new adults were also expected to live in a separate residence from their parents.   Young people were enthusiastic about this arrangement  because all during childhood they looked up to their hard-working parents and wanted the pride of asserting their own independence as a way of proving themselves.


Fewer and fewer families in the modern Western world follow this tried and true formula.  There are more single-parent families than ever,  there are more divorced parents than ever,  there is less discipline than ever, and less emphasis on moral values and the work ethic than ever.   There are more and more 40-year-olds living in their parents’ homes without any real prospect of changing the situation.   The only thing left to them are video games and the Internet “social sites” such as Twitter and Facebook.  With less reliable structure and in too many cases a lack of traditional fatherhood,  the young are far more vulnerable to the hedonistic and  nihilistic temptations of “easy money” and “freedom from conscience” available in neighborhood criminal gangs or the vaporous promises of a “Woodstock” generation that has abandoned all purpose and virtue.


Simply put,  in the last 50 years the role of government and government institutions including public schools has increasingly contributed to the degradation pointed out above.   Essentially,  massive increases in welfare dependency,  increases in school drop-outs, and  the “Nanny state” take over of parenting,  has guaranteed a loss of incentive and loss of production.  So far,  the government’s answer has been only to hire more “study panels” and throw more and more borrowed money at the situation.   The result is always the same, — more and more dependency on government,  more and more debt, less and less self-respect,  and less and less production.   Pay off the debt and regain some world respect?  We can’t even keep up the interest payments at the rate we are now trending.


Kids love to pretend, so they start out living partly in a fantasy world.  This is harmless unless it is carried too far for too long.  The naive kids now in charge of the nation had no reason to grow up.  Therefore they lack the one ingredient of growing up that is the most important.  The ability to recognize reality.  If supposed adults don’t grow up then they can’t comprehend reality and they cannot be expected to apply common sense solutions.


First we damage our children,  then we elect these perpetual children to live in luxury while they apply unbelievably  childish incompetence to running our country.   Then to top it all off we hand our own children the multi-trillion dollar bill.  Can any sane person see an ounce of wisdom in this betrayal of our progeny and inevitable suicide of our society?

Posted February 25, 2014 by Candidus in Culture, Government, Politics



by Robert Williams

World War Two started with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany.  The unprepared allies could  do little and the United States attention was understandably focused on Europe.  The Japanese opportunists had invaded Manchuria and established bases along the Coast  of China by the time America became concerned and began embargoing shipping from and to Japan.  Right up to the day Japan launched its devastating surprise attack on Pearl Harbor,  negotiations were going on in Washington with the Japanese ambassador.   Up to the hour of the attack there were warning signs including the spotting of a Japanese submarine and a wave of unexplained numerous aircraft showing on a U.S. Army radar screen in Hawaii.

The human error of complacency and disbelief was the reason no one became sufficiently alarmed to take action and our fleet and airfields were caught completely flat-footed.  That sort of human error has doomed us to ambush throughout human history.  Imagine the cave man who receives a visitor telling him of sighting some saver-tooth tracks in the valley below his cave.  Distracted by the ensuing chat,  the cave man neglects to put enough wood on his night fire and its dying embers do not prevent the prowling saber-tooth from entering the cave before dawn to slaughter its occupants in their sleep.

And so it  goes.  We never learn.  During World War Two, especially after the Pearl Harbor sneak attack, we belatedly built a formidable anti espionage agency,  only to dismantle most of it up until 9-11.   Playing catch-up we managed to identify Al Quaeda in Afghanistan and nearly wiped them out,  but we abandoned the effort prematurely to conduct a bungled and confused Iraq war where we insisted on “rules of engagement” which favored the enemy.  Now we are bungling our efforts to quit both Afghanistan and Iraq with those same rules in place.  Even President Bush called Islam a “great and peaceful religion”.  The truth for thousands of years is that Islam is anything but “peaceful” and  until we finally recognize that truth we will never be able to escape its violence.  Our current administration is even worse in its appeasement of Islamic countries.

But that is not all.  We are currently ignoring many warning signs that the greatness that was America in both liberty and “can-do” spirit has for about 50 years been diminishing at a rapidly accelerating rate.  A large portion of our populace and our administrative and economic “insiders” are immature imbeciles incapable of recognizing reality who have accepted the fantasy promises of the socialistic elite whose past experiments have so obviously failed throughout history.  As a result that prowling saber-tooth is no longer just prowling.  It is actually breathing down our necks ready to snap its jaws.  Yet we continue to insist its hot breath is nothing more than a little spring breeze easily subdued by more trillions of borrowed money.

Posted February 25, 2014 by Candidus in Culture, Government


By Robert Williams

We are told by pollsters that about three quarters of our American population declare Christianity as their faith.  While the Constitution provides protection from government take-over of religion,  with an 80 percent majority it is safe to say that as a populace Christianity is “our faith”.   Christians believe in a benign attitude towards their fellow humans because that sort of attitude is a primary element of our faith.  This benign attitude spread into secular circles enough to justify it as a commonly accepted American principle.   It is no surprise then that we find it hard to understand and accept that some among us do not necessarily share this attitude and are motivated to commit dastardly acts.  We especially find it hard to understand that there exists a particular non-Christian  widespread faith in the world that is not at all benign,  but just the opposite.  We are also justifiably puzzled that after more than two thousand years of efforts to curb human mischief,  we still have con artists and liars and thieves.  We have even allowed such mean-spirited human vampires to dominate our government.  The key to understanding this is partly that we have not sufficiently taken to heart our own faith’s warnings about false Gods and false prophets, — and partly because our wishful thinking chooses to disregard human nature.

In the animal world it seems that evolutionary pressure was served by grouping in a manner facilitating the most competent “alpha” member dominating the group until some younger and more competent member takes over by successfully overcoming the power of the existing alpha and thus proving the newcomer’s right to rule.  In order to sharpen evolution with competition,  the instinct to compete was strengthened. Greed was the natural outcome of alternating scarcity and plenty.  Gorging and hoarding in times of plenty helped survive the times of scarcity.

As far as historians can tell,  emerging humans copied animals, — and the same forces that drove animals to compete and hoard,   helped tribal chiefs emerge as leaders.  The unfortunate collusion of spiritualism and government that our Constitution protects against,  began when the first “shaman” was able to influence the chief and make the collusion of the two — better cement intimidation of the group.  Humans are born greedy and also seem to have copied the animal territorialism of guarding good food sources and hunting grounds.  Of course these factors encouraged ambitious conflict with other groups.  It is not so much that greed and ambition by themselves are destructive,  it is the manner of their application.  If greed and ambition motivate people to strive mightily in the creation of wealth, discovery, science, and art, — then the ultimate result provides jobs and philanthropy.  This is too often overlooked because the mis-application of ambition towards tyranny has been so commonly spectacular and bloody.

Almost by accident,  a form of democracy was established in early Greece but did not evolve much because it  excluded the common masses.  Nevertheless the idea stuck around and became an essential part of later thinking.

Tribal chiefs evolved into the system of Kings and Nobles and Serfs  that lasted right through the ancient Egyptian and Greek societies and the middle ages.  For all that time the common masses remained ruled by the elite.  What re-awakened interest in democracy seems to have been the huge changes that materialism  and science knowledge brought about in the industrial revolution which released the masses from grueling hand labor.   However, in spite of substantial pacifistic efforts by some parts of society,  the greed,  power mongering,  and war merely got intensified by the availability of mechanical weapons.  Obviously,  human nature contained some built-in flaws.  The thinkers of the past continuously pondered the situation but none quite came up with anything like the American Revolution and its resulting Constitution.

The American Revolution instituted the most radical change in previous history by giving ultimate power to the masses.  That appears to be the principle difference between early Greek democratic experiments and the American Constitution,  which went far beyond Greek concepts by introducing the idea of voting citizens being “represented” in a governing body elected by the people who could thereby periodically change members of the government institutions.  This modified form of democracy was referred to as a “Representative Republic”.

But from the first there have been wise skeptics.  Shortly after the Constitutional Convention one of the founders of the American system, Ben Franklin, famously remarked, “—we have a Republic,  if we can keep it”.  He knew well that all humans harbor power greed to a smaller or larger degree.  He presumed correctly that soon the most tenacious power-mongers around would find enough loopholes in the new system so they could manipulate advantages to themselves and their supporters.  Once lodged into positions of power these fanatics would find ways to consolidate and perpetuate their power and thus erode and ultimately destroy the original intent that the people should rule by consensus.

Such fanatics seem to be born convinced that if left to their own devices the masses will ruin society and therefor  somebody smarter has to take over.  The fanatics believe that only they are smart enough to organize the lives of millions in the minutest detail,  so they set up enormously expensive regulatory agencies to enforce tens of thousands of complicated and often foolish or self-contradictory rules.  They sell this idea to the unwitting public by claiming such methods are not only wise but also “humanitarian” and “compassionate”.    They entice primal instincts by promoting “equality” in substance even for those who accomplish nothing and refuse to work.  They claim it is “unfair”  that some humans are born with more accomplishment in their genes than others.  Therefore the wealth that a minority generates must be confiscated and forcefully redistributed to those of less ambition and talent no matter how great their numbers.  The fanatics drum the the populace with a constant theme of  ”we are your saviors and we alone can make you happy and prosperous”.  This plays on the old tribal instinct of wanting a father figure leader,  and so large segments of populations fall for it.

When the fanatics have achieved sufficient control,  their tune changes from benign fatherliness to an openly vicious, “we know better than you”  and “you will do as we decree and shut up or you will be tagged as against progress and punished accordingly”.   The worst irony of this is its cyclic nature.  From inspiration to self-rule and then back to tyranny.  Most of the more “advanced” world is now supposed to be “modernized”,  “civilized”, and “educated”.  Nevertheless we placidly accept the fallback into tyranny as “Hope and Change” even though its recent utter failures in “socialized” Europe have happened right before our eyes.  Why is this so tragic?  Because there is nothing intrinsic about the cycle that prevents it from being broken.  All we would have to do is stay in the sunshine of Liberty and refuse to move backwards by letting the power mongers prevail with their pandering falsehoods that money can just be printed and borrowed indefinitely to finance handouts even after the takers exceed the producers.  All we really have to do is massively boycott the handouts and the excessive regulations. We certainly can regulate ourselves more and do more for ourselves.   The only alternative is economic meltdown and slavery.

Nature’s primal urge is to evolve in order to survive.  Therefor we are naturally reluctant to oppose change and this emotional factor can be manipulated into accepting any change as automatically “good”; — even change that is not defined until after it is agreed to in the voting booth.   This may be why autocrats find it so easy to influence the populace simply by promising change.  Too often too late,  we realize that some changes are not at all “good”.   This happened in Nazi Germany, Soviet Russia, Communist Cuba, North Korea, and China.  China saw their neighbor Soviets collapse so the Chinese partly woke up and began to allow some free enterprise.  That change for the better immediately produced dramatic results for everyone to see.  Everyone except Americans hoodwinked by their own leaders.

Folks who get caught up in change for change sake are missing one key point.  Basic proven principles of behavior and style of government don’t need to change arbitrarily.  In fact our Declaration of Independence and Constitution warn against that very thing.  To return to an autocratic system proven by history as greatly inferior is not good evolution,  it is devolution — and insanely destructive of hard won gains.

The negative situation has been built up over many decades by determined fanatics following a relentless plan  to infiltrate, brainwash, censor, dumb down, and take over.  Short of a very bloody civil war, there is no quick solution — but there is a counter strategy that has a good chance.

1- promote awareness,  2- gather resistance,  3-fill the Internet,  4-harass political incumbents,  5-vet candidates, 6-boycott bad policies,  7-never give up,  8-never forget that when good men do nothing,  evil triumphs.

Posted September 12, 2013 by Candidus in Activism, Government


By Robert Williams

The 2002 Oxford American Dictionary defines utopia as an, “imagined perfect place or state of things”.  For thousands of years religions have upheld ideas of Heaven as utopia and Hell as the opposite.  Various ways of avoiding Hell and gaining Heaven have been prescribed.  Throughout all but a few hundred recent years  humans have in general lived under the Hell on earth of autocratic governments and slavery.  Finally, using some of the less autocratic examples of European and British thought,  the American colonies gained political freedom and formed a unique new country and constitution intended as a guarantee against the loss of governing by the people, of the people, and for the people.

The main ingredient of American constitutional thinking was a small central government with built in checks and balances against the strong tendency of humans to remove power from the people and concentrate it in a small elite of “Statists” arrogant enough to believe they and they alone posses sufficient talent to run even the minute details of living “properly”.

Of course our Constitution did not immediately create utopia.  There was still poverty, disease, criminality, ignorance and natural disasters.  What it did do was create a rule of law which was supposed to prevent government from interfering with the individual initiative necessary for progress towards utopia.  Millions of free minds have far more power to achieve solutions than a few elite no matter how bright that elite may be.

The legacy is what our founders gave us.  The myth is that a very large,  very intrusive central government can bring about instant utopia.  But myths have always existed because humans tend to be lazy.  We prefer the “easy fix” over the “sweaty fix” and so we like to believe myths and the soothsayers who propagate the myths.  Most politicians are soothsayers by habit.  “Elect me and I will bring you utopia in my first term”.  Sound familiar?

So what has happened in the recent 100 years in America is elegantly pointed out in the following brief excerpt quoted from Mark Levin’s new book, “The Liberty Amendments”.  Mr Levin says in part, “The Statists have been successful in their century-long march to disfigure and mangle the constitutional order and undo the social compact.  To disclaim the Statists’ campaign and aims is to imprudently ignore the inventions and schemes hatched and promoted openly by their philosophers, experts, and academics,  and the coercive application of their designs on the citizenry by a delusional governing elite”.  Mr. Levin goes on to propose some amendments for re-establishing power to the people,  such as term limits for members of Congress and the Supreme Court, — and a supermajority legislative override, among others.

So why should we “amend” anything?  The simple answer is to save a legacy that is eminently worth saving and provide protection against the rape of our children and  our children’s children.  Stateists and their fellow travelers have found ways to numb the public while they systematically chew up our legacy and  spit it out in our faces.  They have gotten away with this because they have taken advantage of apathy about loopholes that were always there and other loopholes that have been developed by scheming power mongers who actually care nothing for the principles of a true democratic republic and care only about accumulating power and wealth for themselves and their supporters.   Evidence for this is there for anyone to see.   Lobbying has become endemic.  Politicians constantly vote raises for their already bloated salaries and constantly increase their privileges at public expense.  Expensive phony junkets and making their family members and friends phony “aids” in order to pay for grandoise trips even during hard economic times.  Exempting themselves from an enormous and invasive health care law they pass without even reading it.  Then they blatantly admit to having not read it.  That sort of open chicanery should be worth a long jail sentence.  Instead there is barely a whimper from a public sold on the myth that the new 2700-page law will make inexpensive health care universally available.  If that was really true there would be no need to punish resistors with a “tax” for not signing up  — for not buying something they don’t want.  Even the world’s worst dictators have hesitated to attempt forcing their entire public to purchase things on the market they do not want.

The situation caused by the dictatorial power grab and social engineering projects of Statist fanatics has already gotten so out of hand in reducing the “inalienable” Constitutional rights of the citizenry,  that it will be very difficult to correct.  A typical characteristic of power mongers is that they are one and all ego-maniacs that have a great deal of personal aggrandizement at stake.  They will fiercely oppose any change in their status and vigorously pursue every avenue of suppression they have made for themselves  — including the ridiculous claims that their actions are always selfless and always “for the good of the people”.   It therefor behooves what segment of the American public that is not yet hoodwinked,  to waste no time in firmly resisting the flooding tyranny with concerted and dedicated action.

Article V of the Constitution provides a way for desperate citizens to redress wrongful and tyrannical rule by a supposedly democratic government turned rogue.  It says in essence that there are not one but two ways to pass protective amendments.  One way is for Congress to initiate and supervise the amending and ratification process and the other way is for the States to take charge on their own,  — governed only by the consensus of their citizens.  Article V is a bit contorted in its wording,  but well worth reading nevertheless.   Using Article V to essentially bypass a thoroughly corrupt Congress and Administration is not an easy path.  In fact, if anything, it is longer and more tortuous than the more often used method employing Congress.  The problem with employing Congress is that would be tantamount to trusting a fox to guard the chicken house.

Mr. Levin in his book “The Liberty Amendments” proposes a number of amendments and gives arguments for their need.  Some of these amendments have been proposed before by other proponents,  but Mr. Levin’s list is tailored for current times.  The titles are quoted below (not necessarily in the same order or exact same wording as in Mr. Levin’s book), with some abbreviated interpretations of my own in parentheses.

STATES AUTHORITY TO DIRECTLY AMEND THE CONSTITUTION (See also the pertinent paragraph above.  By two thirds majority,  State legislatures may propose amendments to the Constitution and if three quarters of other States adopt the exact same wording, this Amendment process is Constitutionally valid without the intervention of Congress).

STATES ATHORITY TO CHECK CONGRESS  (Upon three-fifths vote of state Legislatures, States may override a Federal Statute or Executive Branch regulations resulting in a burden exceeding 100 million dollars).

TERM LIMITS AND OVERRIDE OF SUPREME COURT JUSTICES (Term limits of 12 years and a three fifths vote of Federal House and Senate may override any Supreme Court majority opinion).

PROTECT THE VOTE  (To vote in a primary or general election,  every citizen shall show photographic identification issued by the voter’s State of residence).

RESTORE THE SENATE  (Repeal the 17th amendment so that National Senators are again chosen by State Legislatures as prescribed in Article I of the Constitution and thus bring back the balance of power between State and Federal government).

SPENDING (Failure of Congress to pass a timely fiscal budget will result in an automatic across-the-board 5 percent reduction in expenditures).

TAXING (Congress is limited to a maximum 15 percent taxing on personal income regardless of source and shall not tax a decedent’s estate,  nor impose a value-added or national sales tax).

LIMIT THE FEDEARL BUREAUCRACY (Fedearal Departments and Agencies expire every three years unless re-authorized by Congress in bills without extraneous attachments).

PROMOTE FREE ENTERPRISE (Congress must restrict itself to regulating commerce with other nations and between States and with the Indian Tribes,  and not within a State, — period.)

PROTECT PRIVATE PROPERTY (If taking private property for public use results in a devaluation of said property the government shall compensate the owner accordingly).

Posted September 12, 2013 by Candidus in Government

ObamaCare: Text, Votes and Sponsors

H.R. 3590 (111th) – Text & Info

VOTES (Senate) 60-39 – December 24, 2009

VOTES (House) 219-212 – House March 21, 2010


Meet the Sponsors who trampled on the Constitution and our nation’s Founding Principle to ram the Left’s Cloward-Piven approach to destroying America’s healthcare system and the individual freedom of its citizens:

(All Sponsors Democrats unless indicated otherwise)

Rep Rangel, Charles B. [NY-15] – 9/17/2009

Rep Becerra, Xavier [CA-31] – 9/17/2009
Rep Berkley, Shelley [NV-1] – 9/17/2009
Rep Blumenauer, Earl [OR-3] – 9/17/2009
Rep Brown-Waite, Ginny [FL-5] – 9/17/2009**
Rep Courtney, Joe [CT-2] – 10/6/2009
Rep Crowley, Joseph [NY-7] – 9/17/2009
Rep Davis, Artur [AL-7] – 9/17/2009
Rep Davis, Danny K. [IL-7] – 9/17/2009
Rep Doggett, Lloyd [TX-25] – 9/17/2009
Rep Etheridge, Bob [NC-2] – 9/17/2009
Rep Filner, Bob [CA-51] – 10/6/2009
Rep Green, Al [TX-9] – 10/6/2009
Rep Gutierrez, Luis V. [IL-4] – 10/6/2009érrez
Rep Higgins, Brian [NY-27] – 9/17/2009
Rep Johnson, Henry C. “Hank,” Jr. [GA-4] – 10/6/2009
Rep Jones, Walter B., Jr. [NC-3] – 9/17/2009* (former Democrat),_Jr.
Rep Kagen, Steve [WI-8] – 9/17/2009
Rep Kind, Ron [WI-3] – 9/17/2009
Rep Larson, John B. [CT-1] – 9/17/2009
Rep Levin, Sander M. [MI-12] – 9/17/2009
Rep Lewis, John [GA-5] – 9/17/2009
Rep McDermott, Jim [WA-7] – 9/17/2009
Rep McGovern, James P. [MA-3] – 10/6/2009
Rep Meek, Kendrick B. [FL-17] – 9/17/2009
Rep Minnick, Walter [ID-1] – 10/7/2009
Rep Moore, Dennis [KS-3] – 10/6/2009
Rep Neal, Richard E. [MA-2] – 9/17/2009
Rep Pascrell, Bill, Jr. [NJ-8] – 9/17/2009
Rep Peters, Gary C. [MI-9] – 10/6/2009
Rep Platts, Todd Russell [PA-19] – 10/6/2009**
Rep Pomeroy, Earl [ND] – 9/17/2009
Rep Sanchez, Linda T. [CA-39] – 9/17/2009ánchez
Rep Schwartz, Allyson Y. [PA-13] – 9/17/2009
Rep Skelton, Ike [MO-4] – 9/17/2009
Rep Stark, Fortney Pete [CA-13] – 9/17/2009
Rep Tanner, John S. [TN-8] – 9/17/2009
Rep Thompson, Mike [CA-1] – 9/17/2009
Rep Titus, Dina [NV-3] – 10/6/2009
Rep Van Hollen, Chris [MD-8] – 9/17/2009
Rep Yarmuth, John A. [KY-3] – 9/17/2009

* Republican
** Republican (no longer in office or retiring)


Posted August 15, 2012 by Candidus in Government